CNF,C& F or CFR. Which term is correct.
Thursday, February 26, 2015     Category : Inco Terms

CNF  or CFR. Which term is correct



CNF,C&F or CFR. Which term is correct.

What is the difference between CFR, C&F or CNF. All terms are one and no difference while operating. C&F and CFR are widely used terms of delivery in a domestic or international trade. Some use as CNF. Some of the traders use CNF instead of CFR. C&F is used instead of CFR regularly and widely used among business men. A doubt on C&F or CFR may commonly arises. Although the meaning of C&F,CFR and CNF are same, some of you may need to know which one of the terms is best suitable to use. Let us find CFR,C&F or CNF – which one is best suitable to mention in documents. Let us find out.

The terms of deliveries are followed by all business class for the purpose of domestic and international on the basis of international commercial terms issued by international chamber of commerce.

Let me provide you a brief history of international commercial terms.


The international chamber of commerce had an idea of forming international commercial terms (Inco terms) in the year 1921 at first time globally for smooth and uniform handling of international trade. However, the first set of international commercial terms rules was published in 1936 followed by second publication in 1953. Additional expansions and amendments have been in 1967, 1976, 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010. Currently 8th version of Inco terms is commonly used which is Inco terms 2010 with effect from 1st January,2011.

Ok, let us again come back to CFR,C&F,CNF – which term is best to use. The C&F and CNF terms are modified with CFR terms in Inco terms 2000. There is no further modification on CFR in Inco terms 2010 which has been being followed by all domestic and international traders. Although C&F had been removed in Inco terms 2000, the term c&f has been being used widely even after 13 years of revision of Inco terms. As I have informed above, the term c&f or CFR is allowed to use wherever required, subjected to the mutual sale contract between buyer and seller on mentioning which Inco terms are applied in the contract.

I personally suggest to use CFR instead of C&F or CNF terms of delivery, as CFR is the latest version of publication of international commercial terms 2010.


Also read - Mode of transport under EX WORKS/FCA/CPT/CIP/DAT/DAP/DDP/FAS/FOB/CFR/CIF .  I have written details articles about Inco Terms in this website.  You may go through them to have a detailed knowledge about terms of delivery under International Business.



Detailed articles about Inco Terms of Delivery under export and import of International business  have been mentioned in  separate category – INCO TERMS – in this web site.  You can click here to read.


Related posts:


Difference between DDU and DAP

Any difference between DP and DAP terms of payment

What is C& I terms of delivery in export import business?

Different types of Bill of Lading

Difference between IHC and THC

How to amend spelling correction in IGM. in India

Excise and Customs - Click here to read complete notification under Budget 2014

How to get Export Orders?

How to settle dispute in Exports and Imports?

Click here to know India Trade Classification(ITC)

Click here to know HS code of other product/commodity

Pre shipment bank finance to suppliers for exports through other agencies


Philip Says :
Wednesday, March 27, 2013
This article is great.
Muneeb Kapadia Says :
Wednesday, February 18, 2015
i have a question regarding CNF shipment basis i have read and heard from various websites and from peoples that in CNF shipment Seller pays freight and appoint his own freight forwarder but there is a confusion regarding this bcz in company where i am working in a company we are importing one Genet generator where supplier is charging freight from us(exporter) in his proforma invoice now i want to ask from you that why we are paying freight despite of we are importing on CNF basis ]
Admin Says :
Wednesday, February 18, 2015
Muneeb Kapadia, Although freight is being paid by the seller, the buyer can nominate a shipment, if seller agrees to do so before placing purchase order

Discussion Forum

You can also share your thoughts about this article.
Any one can answer on question posted by Readers

  Your Name - required  
  Email ID will not be published - Required  
(Enter above code)  


Track Your Air Shipment Here 
Track Your Sea Shipment Here 
Most Recent Articles
» Budget 2015-16, Import duty changes under HScode Chapter 27 Mineral Fuels, Mineral Oils
» Import Customs duty changes for ORGANIC CHEMICALS and PHARMACEUTICAL Products, Budget 2015-16
» Budget 2015-16, Import duty changes under Chapter 65 to 71:No changes in excise duty
» Reduction on Central Excise Duty changes under HS Code Chapter 72.
» Union Budget 2015-16, Changes in Central Excise Duty under HS code Chapter 26.
» Import Excise duty changes as per budget 2015-16 under HS code Chapter (ITC) 64
» Changes in Central Excise Duty under Chapter 25 as per Indian Budget 2015-16.
» Indian Union Budget 2015-16, Import Excise duty changes under Chapter 73,ARTICLES OF IRON OR STEEL
» No change for import excise duty of chapter 40 to 63 ,under Indian Budget 2015-16
» Indian Union Budget 2015-16, Central Excise Duty changes under Chapter 24.
  Import  |
  Export  |
  For Beginners  |
  Track Your Shipment  |
  Abbreviations  |
  Inco Terms  |
  Export India  |
  Import India  |
  Import US  |
  Export Import Terms  |
  Export incentives and benefits  |
  FAQ  |
  Bill of Lading  |
  Foreign Trade Policy 2014-19  |
  Start your own Export Import Business  |
  HS code  |
  Indian Budget 2014-15  |
  Banking (India)  |
  India Trade Classification (ITC)  |
  How to Import  |
  Containers  |
  Indian Budget 2015-16  |
  Income Tax  |
  Me  |  Privacy policy  |  Terms and conditions  
Designed and Hosted by Adsin Media