In an export trade, this is a common question – How to get Phyto sanitary certificate, What is Phyto sanitary inspection. Who issues Phyto sanitary certificate, Procedures for phyto sanitary etc.
The phytosanitary certificate is an official declaration stating that plants and plant material exporting are free from pests and diseases, so as to prevent introduction and spread of any pests in the importing countries.
Phytosanitary certificate procedures are undertaken as per the guidelines of National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) or equivalent authorities in a country, certifying to meet import physto sanitary requirements.
Each country has designed certain parameters to meet with the phytosanitary requirements of foreign countries, as per the guidelines of WTO agreement which is an integral part of final Act of General Agreement of Tariff and Trade GATT 1994 with regard to protection of human safety or health, protection of animal and plant life or health and also protection of the environment.
The objectives of sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) requirements are as under :
(a) To protect animal or plant life or health within the territory of the member from risks arising from the entry, establishment or spread or pests, disease and disease carrying organisms;
(b) To protect human or animal life or health within the territory of the member from risks arising from additives, contaminants, toxins or disease causing organisms on foods, beverages or feed stuffs;
(c) To protect human life or health within the territory of the member from risks arising from the disease carried by animals, plants or products thereof, or from the entry, establishment or spread of pests; or
(d) To prevent or limit other damages within the territory of the member from the entry, establishment or spread of the pests.
In India, department of agriculture is responsible to issue Phyto Sanitary Certificate under export of goods.
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